Guidelines for Authors

General Remarks     

We appreciate your efforts that the language is corrected before submission. This will improve the chances of timely acceptance and publication of your paper.

Brief, to the point, and must explain the objectives of the study by giving essential background in content to relevant literature. Clearly describe the data and variable used, the estimation method and procedures employed for the data analysis. The results should be concisely presented using tables and figures. Finally, concisely presents conclusion and policy recommendations.

Manuscript Submission

Manuscript submission means that the research work conducted has not been published before and original one. There will be no legal responsibility on the part of publisher should there be any claims of compensation.


Authors that incorporate tables, figures or texts that have been published elsewhere are required to obtained permission from copyright owners.   

Editorial Policy

All papers are double-blind refereed. Authors should expect to receive two referee reports and a letter of recommendation from one of the Journal's editors.

Title page

Title page      
Title page of the article should include:

  • Concise and informative title of the research paper (14 pts, bold, upper case letters, centralize, font style times new roman).
  • The name(s) of the author(s)
  • The affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s)
  • The e-mail address, and telephone number(s)


Please provide an abstract of 150 to 250 words. Please do not incorporate an unidentified abbreviation in the abstract. The abstract should be concise containing the objectives, methodology, and main results.


Please provide 4 to 6 keywords which can be utilized for indexing purposes.


Text Formatting

  • Manuscript should be submitted in word.
  • Use a normal, plain font of the font size of 12-point Time New Roman for text.
  • Use the automatic page numbering function to number the pages.
  • Use the table function to make tables.
  • Use the equation editor and proper word equation format.


Please use the decimal system of headings limited to three level.


At first mention the abbreviations should be defined properly and use consistently in the following text.


  • To give additional information foot notes should be used.
  • Footnotes should not contain any table or figure.
  • Footnotes should be numbered consecutively.

Tables and Figures

  • All tables and figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
  • Each table and figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the table and figure depicts.
  • Tables and figures should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
  • Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.



  • Cite references in the text by name and year in parentheses. For example
  • Vollmer, (2013) states that
  • Research focusing gender equality falls in the domain of gender economics (Klasen, 2010).
  • This result was later contradicted by (Yu and Abbas, 2016).
  • intestinal parasites (Egger et al., 1990)
  • This effect has been widely studied (Aslam 1991; Barakat et al., 1997; Khan and Smith 2005; Mahmood et al., 2017).

Reference list

The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list. List all references in alphabetical order by the authors’ surname or last name. Journal names and book titles should be italicized.

Journal article

Jalil, A., Mahmood, T., & Idrees, M. (2013). Tourism–growth nexus in Pakistan: Evidence from ARDL bounds tests. Economic Modelling35, 185-191.

Article by DOI

Slifka, M. K., & Whitton, J. L. (2000) Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. Journal of Molecular Medicine,


World Health Organization. (2001). The World Health Report 2001: Mental health: new understanding, new hope. World Health Organization.

Finney, J. (1970). Time and again. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.

Book chapter

O’Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men’s and women’s gender role journeys: Metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107–123). New York: Springer.

Newspaper articles

Author, Initials. Year. Title of article or column header. Full Title of Newspaper, Day and month before page numbers and column line.

e.g. Slapper, G., 2005. Corporate manslaughter: new issues for lawyers. The Times, 3 Sep. p.4b.


Author or corporate author, Year. Title of document or page, [type of medium] Available at: include web site address/URL (Uniform Resource Locator) [Accessed date]


Marks & Spencer, 2004. Annual report 2003-2004. Available at: [Accessed 4 June 2005].

Dissertations and Theses

Author, Initials., Year of publication. Title of dissertation. Level. Official name of University.


Richmond, J., 2005. Customer expectations in the world of electronic banking: A case study of the Bank of Britain. Ph. D. Anglia Ruskin University.

Ethical Consideration

The Journal strictly follows all ethical considerations. At the time of submission, the author(s) are required to disclose potential “conflict of interests” that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work.

Processing fee

The journal has no processing/publication fee.